Senior Housing & Communities Jobs

Senior Housing is a complex industry where property types are distinguished by the level of services provided. Independent Living Facilities (ILF) are the least service-intensive, providing no services beyond community activities. Congregate Care is a subsector of ILF, which does provide some assistance with daily activities, shared meals, and a full time staff. Assisted Living Facilities (ALF) go beyond ILF to provide personal care for daily living needs and minimal medical services such as reminders to take medicine. Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNF) and Memory Care Facilities provide full service including medical. SNF have 24-hour medical care administered by registered nurses supervised by physicians. Most properties lease rooms by the month and costs of occupancy vary by which services the resident elects to receive. Such is the case with Assisted Living Facilities and Skilled Nursing Facilities. ALF rents range from $800-$4000 per month and the national average is $3,031. SNF typically charge by the day with average daily rates of $191 or $69,715 annually. ILF and Congregate Care units can be purchased or rented. Medicare, Medicaid and other government programs subsidize senior housing costs for many residents in SNF. Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC) incorporate every stage of care from ILF to SNF in one development and residents can move between levels depending on their health and services needed. Most senior housing developments are valued on a per bed basis. According to Marcus & Millichap, in mid-2008, the median price per bed for Assisted Living was just under $150k, for Independent Living just over $100k, and for Skilled Nursing just under $50k. The number of beds can range from 25 to over 300.

Information on this page provided courtesy of Cornell University Baker Program in Real Estate